Standard Thermal Flux Meters

Standard Thermal Flux Meter Specs

Standard MODELS A~E

APPLICATION

The Thermal Flux Meter is a solid state, flat -plate transducer designed to measure heat flow directly. This meter is placed upon any surface through which the heat flow is to be measured. The unit will measure either heat flow to, or from the surface being tested. In many cases, the meters may also be installed internally within any barrier with no loss of accuracy. Application

Areas Include:

  • Building Heat Determination and “K” Factors
  • Medical and Physiological Heat Flow
  • Micrometeorology and Earth Heat Transfer
  • Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
  • Aeronautical and Space Technology
  • Physical Property Measurements in Laboratory

OPERATION

The meter is attached to the heat transfer surface by the use of a suitable adhesive, tape, or clamp. The D.C. signal generated by the meter from the heat flow is conducted to the galvanometer or readout by means of a suitable cable. Measurements of heat losses from objects such as pipes can usually be accomplished by the use of the “C”, “D”, or “E” models, together with thermally conducting paste. When the meter attains thermal equilibrium with the heat transfer surface, the generated voltage will be proportional to the heat flux. When this output voltage (in millivolts) is multiplied by a specific calibration constant, which is supplied with each meter, the resulting value will be the heat loss,/gain in terms of BTU/hr ft2, or Watts/M2.

 

For precise measurement of heat fluxes:

  • Solid State Transducer
  • Wide Temperature Range
  • Linear Output
  • High Accuracies
  • Sensitivities to 7 BTU/HR FT2 MV
  • No Power Supply Required

PRINCIPLE

The flow of heat from, or to the surface whose heat flow rate is to be measured creates a small temperature difference between the upper and lower surfaces of the meter. These surfaces are in thermal contact with a special, miniature, high temperature thermopile which generates a direct current signal from the temperature difference. The signal is directly proportional to the heat flux through the meter. The hundreds of thermoelectric elements in each thermopile unit yield multi-millivolt signals which may be measured by a portable potentiometer, or recorder. Because each unit is selfpowered, no external source of voltage , or power supply is required. The thermal resistance introduced by the meter is normally negligible for most practical applications.

CALIBRATION

ITI Thermal Flux Meters are individually calibrated at a base temperature of 70°F. An absolute calibration technique is used to determine the meter constant to the required accuracy. Each meter is supplied with its constant of calibration.. and a temperature correction curve for use at cryogenic and elevated temperatures.

COMMON SPECIFICATIONS

Model
Commonly……….A, B, C, D, E
High Response……….ASP-12
High Sensitivity……….ALT-12, ALT-24, AHT-12

Temperature Range
A, B, C, D, E……….-425 F to 600 F
ASP-12, AHT-12……….Max. 600 F
ALT-12, ALT-24……….Max. 300 F

Maximum Flux Density
ASP-12……….2×104 BTU/hr ft2
Other……….105 BTU/hr ft2
Output Impedance……….30 to I 000 Ohms
Sizes……….¼” x ½” to 24″ x 24″
Accuracies……….10% to 1%
Sensitivities……….1.7 to 1500 BTU/hr ft2 mv
Heat Flow……….Bi-directional


OTHER SPECIFICATIONS

ModelNo Accuracy Nominal3 Sensitivity(BTU Hr/Ft2Mv) Temperature 2 Range Response Time Size (Inches) TxLxW Material1
A 1% 7 -425°F to 600°F 1.0 0.120x4x4 Polyimide
B 3% 7 -425°F to 600°F 1.0 0.120x2x2 Polyimide
C 5% 50 -425°F to 600°F 1.0 0.120x1x1 Polyimide
D 10% 200 -425°F to 600°F 1.0 0.120×0.5×0.5 Polyimide
E 10% 200 -425°F to 600°F 1.0 0.120×0.5×0.25 Polyimide
ALT-12 1% 7 300°F 1.0 0.120x12x12 Epoxy/Glass
ALT-24 1% 7 300°F 1.0 0.120x24x24 Epoxy/Glass
AHT-12 1% 5 600°F 5.0 0.120x12x12 Polyimide/Glass (Waterproof)
ASP-12 2% 25 600°F 0.25 0.025×1.5×1.5 Polyimide/glass/Gold/Const
  • Note 1. Each meter is supplied with recessed electrical connections in edges for attachment of lead wires. For use at 400 F and above, a high temperature solder should be used to attach lead wires.
  • Note 2. A copper-Constantan thermocouple can be installed in models “A”, “B”, “C”, or Custom meters on request.
  • Note 3. Large area (12″ x 12″ and 24”x24”) meters with sensitivities to 1 .7 BTU/hr ft2 mv. are available on special order.
  • Note 4. All HFT Models may be manufactured from water resistant Epoxy/Glass or High Temperature Polyimide/Glass.

CUSTOM MODELS

Many heat flux measurement requirements necessitate special thermal flux meter geometries. International Thermal Instrument Company specializes in custom meter manufacturing. Quotations will be sent upon receipt of specifications.

Meters are normally supplied with a baked, black enamel finish for high temperature operation. Most models may also be clad with stainless steel For other special coatings. On request, all models may be supplied with a special, high absorptivity coating for radiation sensing applications.

OTHER THERMAL INSTRUMENTS

Thermoelectric Calorimeters, Radiometers, Thermal Flux Standards, Thermal Conductivity Apparatus, Thermopile Modules, HEATPROBE™